Therapy Modalities

We are relational beings with a desire to love and be loved. While my focus is on psychodynamic and attachment theory, I do incorporate other modalities that can support our efforts.


Neurobiology articulates the powerful automatic responses that our brain has to attachment threats. When our brain detects perceived distance or separation in our primary relationship, a primal fear ensues, setting off an alarm to the amygdala, the fear center, which then sets off a fight or flight response. This fight or flight response shows up in relationship as either anger or withdrawal.

Jill Bolte Taylor, a neuroscientist who wrote My Stroke of Insight, states, “Throughout our lifetimes, our limbic systems don’t mature. Therefore, when our emotional buttons are pushed, we retain the ability to react to incoming stimulation as though we were 2 years old, even when we are adults.” These behaviors become habitual patterns that seem to take on a life of their own as they cycle into repetitive interactions that cause pain, injury and despair. We will focus on these patterns and work to change these negative interaction cycles, allowing new neural pathways to be created that support loving and secure bonds.


Somatic therapy is a holistically oriented therapy which integrates the mental, emotional, spiritual and physical aspects of each of us.  It is a process by which the psyche is transformed through the simple shifting of focus away from in-the-head cognition and toward moment-to-moment in-the-body sensing and feeling.  This is accomplished by bringing our awareness to our bodies and the to the sensations we experience through them.

Most of us live in our heads, filled with worries about the future and concerns about the past.

Bringing our attention to our breath helps us focus on what we are experiencing in the moment.  We begin to recognize the places in our bodies where we hold tension and stress and where we become contracted.

Somatic Psychotherapy recognizes that every intricacy of human experience is connected and that each element of body, mind, and spirit co-exist, compliment, and combine to create a complete, whole person.


Mindfulness is a psychological therapy which blends features of cognitive therapy with the mindfulness techniques of Buddhism. The aim is not directly aimed at meditation, relaxation, or happiness, but rather, a freedom from the tendency to get drawn into automatic reactions to thought, feelings, and events.


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